Ethical concepts and the common good

Category:Concepts in ethics

Another way to think about the relationship between ethics and morality is to see ethics as providing a rational basis for morality, that is, ethics provides good reasons for why something is moral. But there may be many good things to do. To put it another way; the ethical properties of the world and the things in it exist and remain the same, regardless of what people think or feel - or whether people think or feel about them at all.

The Good What is good has to do with benefits. Absolutism has the advantage of making tough ethical calls seem easy, and the disadvantage of making debate impossible. An ethic — a set of moral principles or values — based on goodness applied to concerns about choices between courses of action will ask questions about the anticipated or hoped-for benefits of one course of action as opposed to another.

A Framework for Making Ethical Decisions

The Virtue Approach One long-standing ethical principle argues that ethical actions should be consistent with ideal human virtues. This even-handedness encourages treating everyone with equal dignity and respect. Suppose you have the ethical principle that it is always wrong to tell a lie and it is always wrong to take what belongs to someone else.

It first provides a summary of the major sources for ethical thinking, and then presents a framework for decision-making. So which rule takes precedence when the Nazis come hunting the Jews? But, as I have shown, the reason for adopting a deontological position in the first place boils down to consequences.

This introduction is intended both to clarify ethical terms and distinctions and to provide a general framework for considering ethical questions. Here our method for ethical decision making should enable us to recognize these new and unfamiliar situations and to act accordingly.

Virtue Ethics is particularly concerned with the moral character of human beings. It teaches that some acts are right or wrong in themselves, whatever the consequences, and people should act accordingly.

Below is a sample of some of the most important and useful of these ethical approaches. As a way of making sense of the world, it allows for a wide range of behaviors to be called ethical, as there might be many different types of good character and many paths to developing it.

This incident embarrassed the D. Applied Ethics Terms Used in Ethical Judgments Applied ethics deals with issues in private or public life that are matters for ethical judgments.

Also, because it emphasizes the importance of role models and education to ethical behavior, it can sometimes merely reinforce current cultural norms as the standard of ethical behavior.

In effect, the notion of the common good is a denial that society is and should be composed of atomized individuals living in isolation from one another.

We can think of this instrumentally or biologically. Why people disagree with moral absolutism: Ancient Greek Sophists like Thrasymacus c. The instrumental usage is expressed in terms of usefulness, of utility for achieving a purpose or intention. It bases morality on the consequences of human actions and not on the actions themselves.

The result is strife and discord. Ethical considerations also require firms selling previously owned or damaged items to develop a policy for disclosing potential flaws and imperfections. In the excellent Gilbert and Sullivan operetta Ruddigore, W.Puts Catholic and Christian concepts in dialogue with Hindu, Buddhist, and American Indian/Lakota concepts The Cosmic Common Good Religious Grounds for Ecological Ethics.

Ethical leadership: knowing your core values and having the courage to live them in all parts of your life in service of the common good. Gracious Space: a spirit and a. The common good has been an important ethical concept in a society that has encouraged many to "look out for Number 1." Appeals to the common good have also surfaced in discussions of business' social responsibilities, discussions of environmental pollution, discussions of our lack of investment in education, and discussions of the problems of.

Ethics and the Common Good: Abstract vs. Experiential HUMANITAS • 27 ened together with the authority of unchanging moral rules. After the skeptical criticism of Hume took hold in the eighteenth cen. Some Fundamental Concepts in Ethics "Ethics" may be broadly defined as that division of philosophy which deals with questions concerning the nature of value in matters of human conduct.

While virtually all people are concerned with making ethical judgments and decisions, philosophers in. Making good ethical decisions requires a trained sensitivity to ethical issues and a practiced method for exploring the ethical aspects of a decision and weighing the considerations that should impact our choice of a course of action.

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Ethical concepts and the common good
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