Moi, a member of the Kalenjin ethnic group, quickly consolidated his position and governed in an authoritarian and corrupt manner.
Throughout the s, foreign investment in Kenya continued, and limited industrial development occurred along with agricultural expansion. The emergence of mass opposition in —91 and demands for constitutional reform were met by rallies against pluralism.
Again, Moi won re-election as President in the December elections, because of a divided opposition. In parallel to this, three Kenyan independence movement Bodies were established: Visit Website Inan extremist Kikuyu group called Mau Mau began a guerrilla war against the settlers and colonial government, leading to bloodshed, political turmoil, and the forced internment of tens of thousands of Kikuyus in detainment camps.
Armed clashes and many casualties, including deaths, resulted. Relying on concepts of trusteeship and scientific management, they imposed a number of changes in crop production and agrarian techniques, claiming to promote conservation and "betterment" of farming in the colonial tribal reserves.
Once gangs had been driven out and eliminated, loyalist forces and police were then to take over the area, with military support brought in thereafter only to conduct any required pacification operations.
By this time the Portuguese Empire had already lost its interest on the spice-trade sea-route because of the decreasing profitability of that traffic.
A diversity of new parties were formed in early and in December of that year, multiparty democracy was restored and elections were held with several parties participating. Mau Mau was "perverted tribalism" that sought to take the Kikuyu people back to "the bad old days" before British rule.
When elections were held the following December, however, Moi was reelected, and, with the opposition divided, KANU won a strong majority in the National Assembly.
After the Young Kikuyu Association was banned by the government, it was replaced by the Kikuyu Central Association in He utilised detention and torture, looted public finances and appropriated land and other property. His assassination gave Baring the final impetus to request permission from the Colonial Office to declare a State of Emergency.
The principle of punitive sanctions against workers was not removed from the Kenyan labour statutes until the s. It was possible for detainees to bribe guards in order to obtain items or stay punishment.Transcript of Kenyan Independence Movement 42 ethnic groups, each with a unique language, divided into four major linguistic groups: the Khoisans, Bantu, Nilotics, and Cushites.
Swahili (Kiswahili) is the national language, English is the official language and the medium of instruction. In Kenyatta was released to become Kenya's first Prime Minister, when Kenya finally gained independence on December 12, The following year, Kenya became a. Mboya as General Secretary of the Kenya Federation of Labour and a leader in the Kenya African National Union before and after independence skilfully managed the tribal factor in Kenyan economic and political life to succeed as a Luo in a predominantly Kikuyu movement.
The Kenya Independence Movement (KIM) was a political party in Kenya. History. The KIM was established in August by African members of the Legislative Council, and was led by Julius Gikonyo Kiano, Tom Mboya and Jaramogi Oginga Odinga.
Transcript of Kenyan Independence Movement 42 ethnic groups, each with a unique language, divided into four major linguistic groups: the Khoisans, Bantu, Nilotics, and Cushites. Swahili (Kiswahili) is the national language, English is the official language and the medium of instruction.
The campaign for independence in Kenya dates back to the s before Kenyatta became the leader of the Kenya African Union (KAU) in and birth of the Mau Mau rebel movement. In in response to the Mau Mau rebellion, the government declared a state of emergency which lasted for eight years.Download